Alzheimer's Disease : Early symptoms, Prevention, Stage,Home Care And Treatments.

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Alzheimer's Disease : Early symptoms, Prevention, Stage,Home Care And Treatments.
Alzheimer's disease is becoming an increasing threat within the United States. Almost everyone has someone close to them who has Alzheimer's. This is because in the United States alone, Alzheimer's disease was the seventh leading cause of death in 2004.
In 2004 almost 66,000 people died as a result of Alzheimer's. Each year almost $100 billion is spent on patients with Alzheimer's. This is partly because of treatment, but also includes living costs. Retirement homes are a large part of this statistic.
In terms of people who are currently suffering from the disease, it is estimated that more than five million citizens of the United States are afflicted with Alzheimer's. Even worse, it is estimated that there will be as many as 14 million people with the disease by the year 2050.
Presently, there is no cure for Alzheimer's, though the federal government and private organizations invest millions every year. However, while there is no cure, there are preventative measures. Similar to cancer treatments, not all of these are guaranteed to work in all cases.
However, there have been proven positive effects from things like antioxidants, leafy greens and regular exercise both of the body and the mind. In fact, it has been said that one of the best ways to fight Alzheimer's is simply by keeping the mind active.
Crossword puzzles and chess are popular, although anything that challenges and inspires thought is helpful. It is clear that Alzheimer's is a huge problem within the United States.
With so many of our loved ones being afflicted with this consuming and devastating disease it becomes increasingly more important for us to do all we can to help research in order to find a cure for this devastating ailment.

Alzheimer's Disease symptoms 

Alzheimer's is not a disease that can be ignored. However it’s symptoms are very subtle and are often ignored initially.
Short term memory is a common feature as you step into your 60’s , thus memory loss being the initial symptom, is very often taken for granted. Memory loss is the basic among Alzheimer's disease symptom and if you seem to have noticed a change in your capacity to remember, share your concern with your physician to start medication early.
The general indications of memory loss include difficulty in thinking and remembering names, balancing your checkbooks, getting disoriented about directions to known places like your own house, wearing clothes that do not suit the climatic conditions, problems with abstract thinking and inappropriate behavior. 
Social skills diminish as the disease progresses.In the later stages, Alzheimer's disease symptom include alteration in the behavior Hallucinations and delusions, unreasonable fears ,lack of interest in activities, withdrawing from family member's is also a part and parcel of Alzheimer's.
Purposeless repetitive activities like opening and closing boxes, pacing and repeating same demands seem to be another symptom. Sometimes, there is verbal and physical violence in some patients.There is a lack of control over impulses leading to inappropriate social behavior and unusual actions.Changes in the personality are also apparent.Mood swings and unreasonable alternating behavior of crying and next moment anger is also displayed in the patients attitude.
Warning signs of dementia should also be kept in mind while dealing with Alzheimer's patients.However, symptoms of the disease vary from individual to individual. Alzheimer's patients show problems with language speaking and writing, by substituting unusual words and difficulty in remembering simple words and sentence formations.
Early childhood memories are there but recent information like phone numbers and names are forgotten fast.The good point about Alzheimer's is that it does not affect fine motor skills like buttoning, tying strings, using utensils and sense of touch also remains.

Alzheimer's Disease Early Symptoms

Age related memory loss is common so no one pays attention to such minor details. However, the decline is very gradual and Alzheimer has been differentiated into different stages: minor, moderate and severe depending on the symptoms of the patients.
Individuals at the stage of very minor cognitive decline feel that forgetting names and things are part of age related common problems. At the next stage of early stage cognitive decline, tests start showing the inadequacies of memory lapses.
Family and friends start noticing subtle changes in memory powers. New names and numbers are quickly forgotten, valuable items misplaced, decline in the ability to organize and pan things, low concentration.
Now the Alzheimer's early symptom surface in medical interviews and tests show clearly demarcated deficiencies in remembering recent occasions and events. It seems strange but long term memory is fine, childhood memories are strong while recent short term memory is lost.
Disorientation sets in , person may have no idea where his house is and may wander around the same street, writing, reading may take a backseat as impairment of Problem solving and decision making capabilities are not there any more.
It is a very helpless situation for the patient and the family members when your loved one who used to be strong and vibrant is reduced to a mental mess. This is one disease that gets worse with time.
Medication can only help suppress the symptoms from setting in early. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s though research is going on for finding a vaccine, genetic transplant and medicines that may one day bring relief to our aged family

Alzheimer's Disease Prevention

If only you could take a pill and the risk of Alzheimer could forever be turned away or maybe a vaccine to wish away an illness like this would have However, with research gaining momentum with the aim of Alzheimer's prevention, such a future is not far away.
Research is turning its focus on the prevention of the disease as a cure is being looked into. With numerous trials being done to check the effectiveness of each therapy for people who have slight memory loss.
Estrogen, anti inflammatory spices like turmeric or curcumin, Vitamin e that has anti oxidants are all under research to help prevent the spread of Alzheimer.
Researchers are trying to test Naproxen and Celecoxib two anti inflammatory drugs that can help reduce chances in people with history of Alzheimer’s along with Donepezil. Estrogen is being tested as preventive measures against developing age related Alzheimer in older women.
Preventive trials are more costly but very important to reduce the population with Alzheimer. However, a healthy lifestyle with proper nutrition, exercise and maintaining low levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure goes a long way in preventing Alzheimer’s.
A diet that contains omega 3 fatty acids and use of turmeric in food can also help in keeping such dementia related diseases at bay.
The best technique for Alzheimer's prevention is to keep your brain active with mental exercises like crosswords, scrabble, and Sudoku.
Using these forms of mental exercises will work to keep all of your mental faculties well oiled. These mental exercises actually keep gray cells from dying out faster thus, help delay age related memory losses away.
So remember to battle the Alzheimer's disease by reading, adding and playing to keep your brain active as this is the most beneficial form of prevention possible.

Alzheimer's Disease Stage

It is important to be able to recognize the difference between each Alzheimer's stage. To do so is to be able to combat the disease more effectively.
You have to know when a loved one is simply suffering from mild symptoms that can be treated with attention to diet, exercise and mild vitamin supplementation. But you also have to know when there is nothing more that you can do and you and your loved one have to make a decision as to what to do next, and when it is time to seek professional assistance.
In the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, symptoms are relatively mild. In this stage, the patients behavior may change slightly.
In this sense, Alzheimer's patients who were previously energetic or spontaneous or clever may start to lose these characteristic.
Additionally, patients in the early stages of Alzheimer's will also begin to become more forgetful when it comes to short term memory. However, these behavioral changes and the mild short term memory loss oftentimes go unnoticed, or they are attributed to old age in general.
In the moderate Alzheimer's stage, most sufferers can still perform basic tasks such as cooking, cleaning and taking care of themselves. However, their forgetfulness usually becomes increasingly more prevalent and the behavioral shifts that began to emerge in the mild stage will likely become more pronounced.
In this stage, many patients are unable to perform more complicated tasks, and it becomes necessary for family members or other caretakers to assist them.
In the late stages of Alzheimer's, symptoms become even more severe.
The sufferer’s muscles atrophy, they lose most of their short term memory and they lose control of many of their biological functions.
They usually cannot assist themselves even at the basic level and require full time caretakers.

Alzheimer's Disease Home Care

Everyone likes being home specially when you are sick and have someone to look after you.
Alzheimer’s is no different but many patients endure this devastating illness in Alzheimer's home care organizations as they might be living alone or primary care giver is not able Looking after an Alzheimer patient needs constant monitoring, patience to deal with behavioral tantrums and mood swings.
In the initial stages, it is easy for the family to look after the Alzheimer patient at home but if the disease progresses rapidly it gets very difficult to Alzheimer's home care can be provided if the support system is large and caregivers take on the responsibility by rotation.
If you have a family member who is suffering from this degenerative disease then, it is very important to keep him safe and healthy.
Good nutrition, maintaining a sleep pattern, safe environment, good hygiene and prompt medical care needs to be looked into for the patients well being. However, if the patient is staying with you ,in severe cases, things get difficult as dealing with behavioral problems and failing mental capability is tough and emotionally draining.
Looking after your own health is also important as the disease is never ending process. Taking support of adult day care programs and involving volunteers from Alzheimer support groups can also provide relief.
At some stage , Alzheimer patients need nursing home care, as it gets very difficult to sustain continuous care giving at home. Alzheimer care responsibilities increase as the disease tightens its grasp over your loved one.
The decision to put the patient in nursing home care is often emotionally tough but actually the patient might be better looked after specially those who show violent streaks in
There are many good Alzheimer's home care organizations that are better equipped with understanding nurses and doctors who provide 24 hours medical and supervisory services.

Alzheimer's Disease Treatment 

Alzheimer’s is widespread and affects a large majority of people all over the world.
After the doctor pronounces traces of cognitive impairments, treatment needs to be started to arrest the growth of the disease. As there is no cure for the disease, the only respite is drug therapy. However, some of the drugs that are being administered have significant side effects.
The treatment that is being provided is categorized into : treatment to improve or limit the cognitive functions and treatment for abnormal behavior. There has been research going on in the field of medicine to develop drugs that help in combating the disease while lowering the side effects.
Some of the drugs that are being tested have been able to improve the cognitive behaviour patterns of people suffering from Alzheimer's. Alzheimer's treatment also includes new drugs that affect neuron metabolic activity with lower side effects.
Other drugs available have been aimed at modifying brain neuron metabolic activity.
The general mode of treatment for Alzheimer's is Cholinesterase inhibitors which help in improving the neurotransmitters of the brain.
The generic name of the drugs are Donepezil , Galantamine which are marketed by the pharmaceutical companies with different brand names.

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