Breast cancer : symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment And chemotherapy full detail.

Read the full post for complete information about breast cancer.

Breast cancer : symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment And chemotherapy full detail.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer found in women and the fifth most common cause of death caused by cancer after lung cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, and colon cancer.
Every single year, it accounts for 1% of the deaths that occur in the world.
For example, in 2005, 502,000 people died as a consequence of Breast cancerThis represents 7% of the deaths caused by cancer.
For women in the United States, it is the second biggest cancer killer, after lung cancer, and it affects one in eight women. One in thirty three women in the United States will die from Breast cancer.
Ever since the 1970s, the number of Breast cancer cases has begun steadily increasing. The belief, according to doctors, is that the lifestyle of women in the western part of the world is to blame.
However, lifestyle is not the only cause, and other causes could simply be environmental. Doctors are not exactly sure why the cells of the breast tissue begin to mutate and mitosis becomes irregular.
All they do know is that since the 1970s, rates have began to increase steadily.
Some of the causes that doctors do believe Cause Breast cancer are: hereditary (genetics), age, gender (male or female), diet, alcohol consumption, and obesity.
Their is a simple saying that quotes: if you are healthy, you will be healthy. Alcohol is bad for the body and can cause damage to the cells. Cause too much damage to a cell and it can become mutated which could lead to a growth of some sort, or a tumor.
Obesity also plays a part in it, research has shown that a woman that gained 22lbs after entering menopause increased her chances of getting breast cancer by eighteen percent.
It has been found that smoking can Cause breast cancer; as can radiation to the chest; and hormones.
If things are changed around in the body and the levels of hormones in the body are altered, the body begins to change its methods of working.
If a cells mitotic speed changes, it could become altered enough to mutate, which is the starting sign of a tumor.
The thing to remember about breast cancer that is commonly forgotten is that the tissue of the breast is identical whether it is a man or woman.
Because of this, a man can have breast cancer; however, it is a lot less common in men. Breast cancer can be found in men and women.
There are ways to lower your risks; however, anyone can get breast cancer, just like anyone can get any cancer. A cancer is simply a mutation of the cells, and if this is not controlled, it can cause death to the person.

A look into the symptoms of breast cancer


The problem with a cancer is that it can normally go unseen for a very long time. It’s not like a cold where you cough and the doctor can, while looking at your symptoms, understand what is wrong.
Maybe you have pertussis; maybe you have influenza; the doctor can figure that out just by listening to your heart, your lungs, and coughing. However, with a cancer, it is a lot harder to tell whether you have a cancer or not because it does not appear.
There is one tell tale sign, though, about whether you have a cancer or not. That is the term most people know as a tumor. A tumor is an abnormal growth caused by an irregular mitotic time.
That means that a cell should divide a certain amount of times in its ‘cycle.’ But, when it is cancerous, it divides a lot faster and a lot more. So, assuming a cell should only divide twice before it dies, a cancerous cell would divide ten or twenty times.
And since the cell is abnormal as it is, they are able to reproduce far quicker than a normal breast cell. It is because of this, you commonly get what is called a tumor in your breast.
Two more terms that might be said often are malignant and benign. A benign tumor is a tumor that is not cancerous. That means that it is just a growth of some kind, but it has not yet become cancerous. Not all benign tumors become malignant, but no matter what kind of tumor it is, it should always be quickly removed.
It has the ability to go to nearby tissues and invade and destroy them too. The term, metastasize means that the cancer is able to spread between tissues.
So, what starts as breast cancer can spread to the lungs and to the liver and soon, the body is overwhelmed. The only real symptom of a cancer, therefore, is a tumor.
A lump in the breast is one of the first clues for doctors that there is something growing that should not be. However, the downfall is that there are certain types of breast cancers that don’t produce these lumps.
So, they are virtually impossible to be caught and cause a significant amount of the deaths caused by breast cancer.
Naturally, if the symptoms of breast cancer are caught quickly, it can be destroyed; however, women make the mistake of not getting their mammograms when they should and the Because of the few symptoms of a cancer, it is imperative for a woman to get tested often.
If there is a tumor growing, it can usually be felt by checking the breast. 
If anything feels out of place, go to a doctor and they will recommend a mammogram as well as a biopsy. This will help to determine whether or not it is a tumor or not.
Then they can test it and if it is malignant, they can prepare the body for whatever treatments need to occur

Causes of breast cancer


The major causes of breast cancer are age and gender.
As a woman gets older, her chances of getting breast cancer do increase. However, there are numerous other causes of breast cancer.
Some of these are obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, hereditary, to name just a few.
With all of these different things linked together, it is very difficult for women not to have to worry about cancer.
However, there are some women that will never have cancer even though they are obese, smoke, consume alcohol and have the genetics for it. There are always other circumstances to be looked at.
As stated before, it was found that a woman that gained twenty two pounds actually increase the likelihood of her getting breast cancer.
Obesity becomes a hindrance on the body and the less it has to deal with, the more likely it’ll be strong enough not to get cancer.
The lack of grease foods and fast food and all of this greatly increases the strength and health of the body.
Although there is no direct connection between fat and breast cancer, it is safe to safe no matter what, that reducing one’s weight can greatly decrease their chances of
Another thing that has been known to cause breast cancer is the hormones of the body.
When a woman tries to get pregnant, her progesterone increases as well as estrogen.
However, if there is an imbalance in the amount of hormones in the body, it can begin to have an effect on the woman’s breasts.
Since the size of one’s breasts is connected to estrogen; if there is an increase, then the speed at which the cells reproduce could technically speed up.
If they speed up too fast, they can mutate and this can lead to cancers cells which become tumors.
The most important to understand about a cancer is that it is a mutation.
When someone smokes, they are causing damage to the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) in the actual cell. So, the genes, in an effect, are getting messed up.
The same occurs with obesity and imbalanced hormones and alcohol.
All of this interferes with the DNA in the cell and that causes the alteration in the cell.
There’s a reason they say that smoking causes cancer. The smoke damages the cells and when they reproduce, they’re not reproducing as a full cell.
As time goes on, this damaged cell continues to replicate and then becomes a completely different, warped, mutated cancer cell. And they multiple far faster than normal cells and that’s why a tumor is able to grow.
Eat healthier, don’t drink in excess, and don’t smoke. No matter how hard you try, it’s never your fault if you get breast cancer.

Stages of breast cancer

There is a way that doctors determine how bad the cancer is in the body. They use a stage system that ranges from stage 0 all the way to stage IV. However, in between these two radically different stages, there are numerous different stages.
For example, there is a stage IIIA and a stage IIIB.
The thing to understand about these stages is that as time goes on and the stage gets higher and higher, the breast cancer is getting worse and worse. Because of this, it is important that it be caught at an early stage so that it can be battled rather than at a later stage where battle is
Stage 0 is where there is no breakout of the cancer cells which means that it is not invading other tissue. If it can be caught here, it is easily treated and there is little anyone needs to worry about. Stage I is where it begins to get a little more hectic.
The breast cancer is now invasive which means it is invading other tissues around it. The tumor can be up to about two centimeters, but the lymph nodes are not currently involved. Stage III is where the lymph nodes have been affected; however, they have not stuck together yet.
The tumor can be greater than two centimeters, but not more than five centimeters. Stage IIIA is where the tumor can be larger than five centimeters. It is an invasive breast cancer; however, the lymph nodes are not affected by the cancer. It is invasive and the cancer has spread to the breast skin, deeper into the breast and other parts of the breast.

A type of Stage IIIB cancer is inflammatory breast cancer.

This type of cancer is extremely aggressive and spreads extremely fast. It does damage to the breast fast and it is dangerous because there is only a lump half the time, so it is difficult to diagnose.
This is where the tumor can be at any size and that the cancer has spread through the lymph nodes.
Where they were first found in the armhole, the cancer has now spread to other lymph nodes, now to the neck and then to other parts of the body. This is where the dangerous part of the cancer comes.
It spreads to so many different parts of the body that it becomes a cancer there too. So, now the patient not only has a breast cancer, but the patient is developing lung cancer, liver cancer and other types of cancers.

Stage IV is extremely dangerous and extremely hard to treat.

It is important that the breast cancer be caught before Stage IV because once the cancer begins to metastasize, treating it becomes a real difficult task.

Breast Cancer Treatment

A look into how breast cancer is treated

If diagnosed with breast cancer, it is highly recommended that treatment is obtained. If left untreated, the cancer could metastasize (spread to other parts of the body) and this will lead to death.
Fortunately, there are numerous ways for doctors to try and treat a breast cancer patient. Some of them are non-invasive which means that they don’t go into the body and others are invasive.
However, no matter what type of treatment is recommended, it is highly advised that you do it.
A cancer is a dangerous thing and if given time to grow more, it can cause serious damage and even death.
The majority of treatments of breast cancer are a simple surgery procedure where they remove the tumor.
Since it is a tumor that is causing the cancer, the removal of the tumor could end the breast cancer indefinitely.
However, it is extremely important that the surgeon, whoever he or she is, gets the entire tumor out.
If the entire tumor is not removed, it will grow once again and the same predicament will repeat itself.
Fortunately, if the entire lump can be removed, then the cancer can go into remission and it can end right there.
Although the cancer can go away when the tumor is removed, sometimes it doesn’t. If there are still cancerous cells, the doctor can use radiation.
This shoots gamma rays at an extremely targeted part of the body.
Its purpose is to destroy the remaining cancerous cells in the body.
Unfortunately, radiation also causes damage to the cells around the cancerous cells.
Because of this, it is extremely important for the dosages to be very precise.
The radiation destroys cancerous cells as well as normal tissues, so everything must be accurate. It is highly recommended that a patient get radiation if a doctor cannot remove the microscopic cells that might be left over after the surgery.
Even if a single cell is left over, that can lead to more cancerous cells. That is why doctors recommend getting radiation after the tumor has been removed.
Although radiation is a good way to get rid of the cancerous cells, it does have its negative effects.
It can cause muscle stiffness, reddening of the skin, and some swelling.
However, no matter what the effects are on the body, nothing is worse than dying from a cancer, so it is highly recommended that a patient, after getting the
tumor removed, go and get radiation to clean the area completely.
And because of this unfortunate fact, it is highly recommended by health professionals that treatment follow a diagnosis.
If a cancer is left in the body, it can only get worse.
As time goes on, the tumor can continue to grow and if it gets too big, the entire breast might need to be removed.

Chemotherapy And Breast cancer

Chemotherapy is another method of treatment for all sorts of cancers.

Simply put, chemotherapy is a drug that is used by doctors in an attempt to destroy parts of the tumor or to reduce its size before surgery.
It’s also been used after a surgery because doctors want the patient to ensure that there is no a reoccurrence of the cancer in the breast.
It may be used before a surgery to reduce the size, after it to stop the occurrence, but above all, it can be used instead of surgery if the
patient is unable to have a surgery for whatever reason.
Since the chemotherapy is meant to target the cancer and destroy it, over time, the tumor might deteriorate.
One of the very important things that a doctor needs to do when treating a breast cancer patient with chemotherapy is determine the age, gender, and health of the person.
There are numerous different types of regimens (types) of chemotherapy: CMF, FAC, AC, just to name a few. Because of this, the doctor needs to determine which type to give a breast cancer patient.
One patient might do fine with CMF, but do horrible with FAC. Another patient might do fine with AC, but do horrible with FAC. It is the doctor’s job to determine which type of chemotherapy is best suited for the particular patient.
The thing about chemotherapy is that it does not just target the cancer cells. All the chemotherapy knows, in a sense, is that it needs to kill. That’s why chemotherapy patients tend to lose their hair.
The chemotherapy targets the cells of the hair and the hair just falls out. Certain chemotherapies don’t do this, obviously, but a lot of them do.
Another thing that the chemotherapy tends to target is the white blood cells. The white blood cells are what protect the body against infection.
If there are not enough of them, the body can get an infection and even while fighting off the cancer, the patient could die.
To combat against this, doctors tend to give some sort of a growth factor (for example pegfilgrastim) to the body so that it reduces the rate of infection and
Unfortunately, for as long as the chemotherapy is being used, there will be destruction of leukocytes.
If a patient has cancer and the doctor recommends chemotherapy, the patient should seriously consider it.
The chemotherapy, while it can do damage to the body, can also do significant damage to the cancer in the body.
And, sometimes, it is better to suffer from some uncomfortable side effects and to live rather than to try and battle the cancer without any chemotherapy and to potentially die.

However, in the end, a body without cancer is a healthier body and that’s the important thing.

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