Fibromyalgia : Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Test, Exercise And Home Remedy.

Here you will get deep information of Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia : Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Test, Exercise And Home Remedy.

Fibromyalgia Causes

There is no main cause of Fibromyalgia, although researchers have various theories about triggers or causes of the fibromyalgia. According to some scientists, it may be caused by trauma or an injury. The central nervous system is affected by this injury. It may be developed with changes the level in muscles metabolism like decrease in blood flow, causing decreased strength and excessive fatigue. In some cases, it may be triggered by a virus infection.

The low levels of a chemical known as serotonin may develop the fibromyalgia. Serotonin is very important for regulating sleep and controlling pain. Blood tests are used to confirm the low levels of serotonin in people with fibromyalgia. According to other scientists and researchers, this disease is associated by a lack of good sleep.

Common causes of fibromyalgia  

Problems in immune system
The abnormalities in immune system are developed fibromyalgia. Some researchers suggest that it is the result of accumulation of toxins in the muscles from lactic acid build-up.

Insomnia or sleep disturbances

Many scientists and researchers suggest that people with fibromyalgia have a low level of serotonin. This low level of serotonin is also developing the central pain of the disease. The sensation of pain of fibromyalgia can be exaggerated by chronic low levels of serotonin. The low levels of serotonin are the main culprit of the sleep disturbances and insomnia in people with fibromyalgia.

Food allergy
In some cases, food is also the responsible for developing the fibromyalgia. Patient should take the food such as:

  • Dairy products
  • Nightshades-potatoes
  • Wheat
  • Fermented foods
  • Eggplant

Disturbance in brain chemistry
Sometimes, a history of clinical depression may develop the disease.

  • Physical unfit muscles
  • Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus
  • Emotional stress
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Chronic mercury poisoning
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Anemia
  • Hypothyroidism


There are various abnormalities in the multiple body symptoms in people with fibromyalgia. These abnormalities are found around the immune systems, endocrine and nervous system.

The following factors can be made worse this disease:-

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Disturbances in sleep or lack of deep sleep
  • Humidity or extremes of temperature
  • Overexertion
  • Lack of exercise
  • Depression
  • Trauma
  • Infectious health conditions

Fibromyalgia Diagnosis & Symptoms

How to diagnose of fibromyalgia?

This is very difficult to detect the symptoms of disease. There is not a single test for determine the disease. The blood tests and X-rays will be performed by the health care providers to diagnose fibromyalgia. In some cases, it can be diagnosed by physical examination and family history of the disease. Electrophysiological studies of the muscles and nerves and imaging tests may be performed by the doctor to find out diseases with similar symptoms such as muscle diseases, viral infections, chronic fatigue syndrome and hypothyroidism. When someone has fibromyalgia, several of doctors will be required for care of the patients. Symptoms such as sore throat, fever and swollen glands are found in people with fibromyalgia.

Signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia

This disease can affect the areas of the body such as elbows, knees, upper back, back of the head, hips, upper chest and neck. Fibromyalgia is defined by the presence of a constellation of symptoms and multiple tender points.


Pain is the main symptom of fibromyalgia. The pain of fibromyalgia has been defined as throbbing, shooting pain, stabbing, twitching and deep muscular aching. People who are suffered from fibromyalgia may experience burning, numbness and tingling. The severity of stiffness and pain is almost present in the morning. There are some aggravating factors that affect pain of fibromyalgia include non-restorative sleep, excessive physical activity, stress, humid or cold weather, excessive mental and physical fatigue, anxiety, and physical inactivity.

Sleep problems

Patients with fibromyalgia have sleep problems that prevent from getting restful, deep and restorative sleep.


People, who have fibromyalgia, may experience excessive fatigue. This symptom interferes daily living activities.

Other common symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

  • Gastrointestinal such as bloating, cramps, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea and gas
  • Chronic headaches like jaw and facial pain
  • Painful sexual intercourse and painful menstrual periods
  • Sensation of swelling in the feet and hands
  • Shortness of breath and irregular heart rate
  • Tingling or numbness sensations
  • Heightened sensitivity to odors, bright lights, medicines, loud noises, changes in weather and various foods.
  • Painful urination, frequent urination and strong urge to urinate
  • Irritable bowel and bladder
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Dry mouth and eyes
  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in the ears and vision problems
  • Impaired memory and concentration
  • Skin rashes

Fibromyalgia Test

Presently, there are no specific tests available to determine the signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia. Blood tests and X-rays can also not diagnose the exact cause for this disease. But these tests are performed along with the complete medical history and physical examination to confirm about the illness that can cause fibromyalgia. Imaging tests and electrophysiological studies of the muscles and nerves are performed to find out the illness similar to the symptoms which include lupus, chronic fatigue syndrome, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Extensive psychological tests are also unable to find out the cause for this disease. However, in some cases, few numbers of laboratory tests and non laboratory tests are performed by the health care providers. 

Laboratory tests

Laboratory tests are used to diagnose health diseases with symptoms like fibromyalgia. Anti-Polymer Antibody Assay is the first practical laboratory test for fibromyalgia. There can be identifying conditions that may coexist with fibromyalgia such as Sjogren’s syndrome, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and thyroid disease. The following tests may be recommended by the health care providers: 

CBC (Complete Blood Count) - It is used to determine red and white blood cell abnormalities and anemia.
CMP (Comprehensive Metabolic Panel) - This test is very effective to examine kidney and liver function, glucose, electrolytes, calcium and proteins. 
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) - It is recommended to test hypothyroidism. 
Other specific tests can be used which are based on the findings of general screening tests and on the symptoms of fibromyalgia. In some cases, special laboratory tests such as the measurement of Substance P, is used to better understand the course and cause of fibromyalgia

Non-Laboratory Tests

Non-Laboratory tests such as an imaging scan are recommended by the health care providers to diagnose fibromyalgia. Multiple Sclerosis is identified by a magnetic resonance imaging test.

Fibromyalgia Treatment

How is fibromyalgia treated?

Firstly, find the right health care providers to treat the disease. All doctors are not familiar with this disease, that’s why it is necessary to find a doctor for it. The following professionals can treat the fibromyalgia:

General internists

Various numbers of family physicians
Rheumatologists (special doctors, who are perfect in arthritis and other rheumatic diseases)
The aim of types of treatment is to improve sleep, reduce pain and other symptoms of fibromyalgia. The types of treatment depend on the causes, signs and symptoms of the disease. In some cases, patients may feel significant relief of signs and symptoms, and other report moderate improvement and no relief of symptoms of the disease. Approximately 5% of people with fibromyalgia experience symptom free. The treatment of fibromyalgia includes physical therapy, lifestyle changes, behavior modification and exercise.

Behavior Modification

Relaxation exercise, self-hypnosis and learning coping skills are involved in this treatment. People with fibromyalgia, may learn the methods of this treatment through counseling. It can help to reduce stress and enhance self-esteem. Psychological and physical components are involved in this treatment.


Strength and aerobics exercise is used to reduce the depression, pain, sleep disturbances and tender-point counts. Endorphins, similar to hormone substances, are released during aerobic exercise. Endorphins are very helpful to produce the better feeling and relieve pain. This treatment includes lots of exercise such as riding a stationary bicycle, walking and swimming. The patient should consult the doctor before starting any types of exercise.

Education and emotional support

Education about the disease is very necessary for patients. Patients should always take care of them and improve their quality of life. In some cases, patients want emotional support. It is very necessary in case of severe health diseases such as fibromyalgia.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy depends on heat, massage, ultrasound, ice, electrical stimulation and whirlpool. This therapy is used to reduce the pain. An exercise program is also designed by physical therapists to improve fitness, posture and flexibility.

Lifestyle changes

Changes in lifestyle are also very effective to treat the disease. Patients should avoid or minimize the caffeine (it may increase the sleep disturbances). This treatment also include avoiding nonessential, establishing regular sleep routines, sticking to an exercise program, eating a healthy diet and performing tasks more efficiently. People, who are suffered from fibromyalgia, should learn relaxation techniques to control the signs and symptoms of the fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia Exercise

If someone has fibromyalgia, exercise is the last option to treat the disease. It is very effective to remove the pain and to get healthy muscles. Healthy muscles may increase the range of motion. The following are benefits of exercise:

  • Reduced depression and stress
  • More endurance
  • Better sleep
  • Improved the levels of energy
  • Control body weight

People who are suffered with fibremyalgia start with stretching exercises and low-impact activity such as bicycling or walking. Patient should start it slowly because it may make pain worse. Patients should do exercise such as walking or jogging or bicycling daily and it may help to improve sleep and to reduce the pain.

People who have fibromyalgia, exercise are very effective in healing. The following are advantages of exercise:

  • Increase flexibility allowing for a fuller range of motion without strain, tears, pulls and pain
  • Increased endorphins released by the hypothalamus, uplifting and healing with sleep-deepening effects and natural pain-relieving. In addition, alleviating some of the depression, pain and anxiety developed with fibromyalgia.
  • Stimulate the growth of hormone and the production of serotonin
  • Increase energy, reduce stress and fatigue
  • Reduce stress on affected joints and promote weight loss
  • Reduce the risk of osteoporosis or fracture
  • Decrease the risk of high cholesterol, stroke, high blood pressure, heart attack and diabetes.
  • Strengthen connective tissue and increase bone mass
  • Increase blood flow to muscle tissue which transports nutrients and oxygen to the muscle

A perfect exercise program for fibromyalgia may include:

Breathing, Stretching, Relaxing

Deep breathing may help to allow oxygen to every blood cell in body. Stretching may improve flexibility and the affected joints can move through a full range of motion. Relaxing the mind and body help to release the pressure on the affected area. Therefore, breathing, stretching and relaxing are allow to perform someone daily living activities easier.

Resistance Training or Strength

This is very effective to improve the strength of all muscles. Stronger muscles may help to perform the daily living activities such as bringing of the groceries.

Cardiovascular Aerobic Activities

Aerobic exercises such as bicycling, walking or jogging improves the lungs, muscles operate and heart. These exercises are very helpful to decreased blood pressure, decreased cholesterol level, a stronger heart and decreased heart rate.

Exercise for fibromyalgia helps to reduce pain, increase mobility in patients and control body weight. Appropriate and consistent exercise helps against health diseases such as diabetes, obesity, heart disease and diabetes. It is also necessary to avoid unhealthy behaviors such as heavy alcohol consumption, social isolation, junk food, smoking, low control stressors and recreational drug use.

Fibromyalgia Home Remedy

Arthcare oil and capsules

This is very effective to treat fibromyalgia. This is not only gives relief from rheumatic but also strengthens the skeletal, the neuromuscular systems and the bone tissues. It is increased the level of energy and a powerful antioxidant. It may helpful to reduce the muscular strains, joint pains, backaches, rheumatic pains etc. Patients should do the massage therapy with Arthcare oils on the affected area such as legs, shoulder, neck and back. This oil is available in different sizes of bottle. In some cases Arthcare capsules are used by the patients to reduce the joint pain and stiffness.


It is a plant of potato family and it is used to treat high blood pressure, erection conditions, immune dysfunctions and reduce inflammation.

Menthol and Camphor

Menthol and camphor both compounds are used to treat the disease. These are very effective to ease the muscle tightness that contributes to several backaches. Menthol is a natural plant and belongs to the mint family.

Home remedies to treat fibromyalgia

There are various physical or external therapies available that reduce the stress which is associated by fibromyalgia.

Lymph drainage may useful to body tissue and detoxify muscle in some cases.
Patients should apply warm compresses for few minutes and packs to help remove the pain.
Deep breathing is also very effective to reduce the level of stress. Sometimes, relaxed or deep inhalations are used the full diaphragm muscle, is vital to deep breathing.
Ginger tea- This is also good to relieve pain and minor aches. This is easy to make, take a teaspoon of grated ginger and one full cup of hot water. Strain them and add honey according to taste.
Take two to four cups of Epsom salts in a warm bath. This is very useful to soothe aching muscles.
The following diet should be suggested by the doctor for people with fibromyalgia:  

  • Juice of cucumber, carrot and beetroot
  • Vegetable soups and juices
  • Cooked vegetables like Zucchini, pumpkin and squash
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • Fresh vegetable juices are very useful as they supply necessary minerals and vitamins
  • Green salad with a dressing of little salt and lemon juice
  • Coconut water and coconut milk
Patients with fibromyalgia should avoid the following items:  
  • Spicy and fried foods
  • Coffee, white sugar and alcohol
  • Cocoa, chocolate and yogurt
  • Vegetables like cauliflower, broccoli, potatoes and cabbage

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