Osteoporosis : symptoms, causes, risk factors, and treatment.

What is osteoporosis - Get useful information about Osteoporosis 

Osteoporosis : symptoms, causes, risk factors, and treatment.

Osteoporosis is a quiet disease -- without the horrible drama of heart disease or cancer. But it is a debilitating disease that affects millions of people every year. It can affect the quality of your life drastically. It is a disease that causes bones to become fragile and more likely to break. If undetected, it advances silently and without symptoms -- until a bone breaks.

As we become older, our bones can lose heft or density. Their cushioning and resilience lessens. The impact of small falls or missteps can cause a brittle bone to break.

Breaks, or fractures, can occur anywhere but are most worrisome when they occur in the hip or the spine. A fracture of one of these vital bones will put you out of commission for far too long. It will put you in the hospital and will usually require surgery. Fractures of the spine or vertebrae can also cause back pain, deformity (hunched backs, for instance) and loss of height.

Osteoporosis generally affects people of middle age or older. Women are more likely than men to suffer from this disease, although men are not immune. But this disease is not an inevitability as you grow older, because
With early detection, Osteoporosis can be prevented. It is already present, it can be treated and stopped in its tracks.

Are you at risk for this disease?

Gender, age, lifestyle, and heredity may put you at a greater risk for this disease. Your doctor will ask you questions related to family background, your own medical history (including medications you may be taking).

To determine if you have osteoporosis or may be at risk for the disease, your doctor will ask you a variety of questions about your lifestyle and medical history. Your doctor will want to know if anyone in your family has suffered from osteoporosis or if they have fractured bones.

Based on a comprehensive medical assessment, your doctor may recommend that you have your bone mass measured by having a bone density test. These tests will measure your bone density at critical sites in your body.

It can:

detect osteoporosis before it actually causes a fracture to gives you an idea of how likely you are to fracture determine your rate of bone loss, and monitor bone density at regular intervals during treatment.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

There are a lot of people who suffer from osteoporosis. Put simply, this is a bone disorder. Many individuals tend to confuse Osteoporosis with arthritis. However, the fact of the matter is that these ailments are very different. What causes arthritis is completely different from that which causes Osteoporosis. When it comes to Osteoporosis symptoms, it is important to note that these symptoms are usually noticeable when the disease is already at its advanced stages.

A lot of people that have this ailment are not aware that they have it. This is because the symptoms come about at a later stage. They will only realize that they have the disease once they have had a fracture or they have taken a bone density test. However typical symptoms of this condition include:

Loss of height – this can be an early sign that an individual suffers from Osteoporosis. It comes about as a result of the curvature of the spine. When the spine bones weaken, the result is usually the compression or curvature of the spine.
  • Back pain
  • Curved upper back
  • Fractures – these normally occur in areas like the wrist, spine, and hip

The risk factors for osteoporosis

Certain factors usually indicate if someone is at a higher risk of developing Osteoporosis and as a result experience Osteoporosis symptoms. You are at risk of developing this ailment if you are a woman, if you are above the age of 50 years or if you have a low calcium diet. You are also at risk if you smoke, if you are of Asian descent or if you lead an inactive life. Other risk factors include drinking a lot of alcohol, having an overactive thyroid and if you are postmenopausal to mention a few.

Osteoporosis Symptoms & Osteoporosis treatment

Osteoporosis is a condition that is associated with the loss of born material. Because of such loss, the bones tend to get weak as well as thin. If the bones are weak it also means that they are prone to fracturing at any moment. This disease is most common in females than males. It is most common in females because of the hormonal changes that occur in women who are going through menopause. The following is important information regarding Osteoporosis Symptoms and Osteoporosis Treatment.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

Because this is a progressive condition, most symptoms are experienced once the disease has already reached its advanced stages. That is why it is very common to find that most people that suffer from this condition actually have no clue that they have it until something happens that makes them realize that they have it. One of the main symptoms of this condition is a fracture. If you get a fracture from making an everyday movement such as bending down, that could be an indication that your bones are weak and that you have Osteoporosis.

People that have a severe case of this disease can get fractures from doing simple things such as coughing or sneezing. This means that the individual will have an extremely low bone density. A different, but very common Osteoporosis symptom is back pain. The pain can be in the upper or lower back. Other Osteoporosis symptoms include unexplained joint pain and loss of height. Sometimes, if the individual has a severe case of Osteoporosis, the joint pain can be so bad that it is almost impossible to move.

Although this might not be an automatic indication of the disease, it is better to have it checked so that you can rule out Osteoporosis. Another common symptom is not being able to sit or stand up straight. Other symptoms can be cramps and fingernails that are brittle.
Osteoporosis treatment

There are preventative treatments that are available to people that suffer from this condition. One of them is an optimal diet which includes sufficient calories, calcium and vitamin D. These nutrients help with the maintenance of bone density and formation. Another preventative treatment is taking protein supplements. These supplements are particularly helpful to those individuals that have already had a fracture. If you drink too much alcohol you increase your chances of falling and getting fractures. If your bones are already weak, this can cause very serious structures. That is why it is advised not to drink too much alcohol.

Further, some medications are available for the treatment of this condition. Long term therapy with particular medications has been shown to increase bone density. Examples of such medications include Glucocorticoid medicines, Heparin, and some anti-epileptic medication. Drug therapy is known to benefit those people that have the highest risk of fracture. It is important to first discuss these treatment methods with a doctor before you start incorporating them. With prolonged Osteoporosis treatment, you are sure to see some results.
Osteoporosis Symptoms in young women

The disease, osteoporosis, is caused by a loss of bone materials and makes the bones in a body weak and thin. Even though Symptoms of Osteoporosis usually occur after menopause, Osteoporosis symptoms in young women have also been found, especially in thin, athletic women. It happens due to a decline in estrogen which is needed for reabsorbing bone minerals.

It is vital to know what these symptoms are to be able to diagnose it early on. The first Osteoporosis symptoms in young women are fractures. An X-ray can only detect the disease until 30% of the bone density has been lost and that is too late. Thus, if a young woman gets a spontaneous fracture from merely falling or another impact, it might be a Sign of Osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis can become so severe that fractures can even occur from coughing, sneezing or even moving in an awkward way. This is due to the extreme loss in bone density. Another symptom is pain in the upper or lower back. Even though back pain is common and can be a symptom of many things, it can also mean osteoporosis.

If a young woman feels palpable tenderness along the spine, she should immediately consult a doctor or even an orthopedic specialist. Unexplained joint pain is another Sign of early Osteoporosis and, in severe cases, it becomes impossible to move a certain joint. Even though this may be due to other causes (like strenuous exercise), keep in mind that it might be a Sign of Osteoporosis.
Loss of height or growth defects might occur as a symptom. Many young women who suffer from an early case of osteoporosis do not grow as quickly as their peers and might even, if fully grown, loose some of their height. This can also lead to spinal deformity and even a hunchback appearance in the later stages of the disease.

Another Osteoporosis symptom in young women is often the inability to stand up or sit down straightly. This might be due to pain or even an uncomfortable feeling in the bones while carrying out the action. It is unnatural for a young woman to walk with a stooped posture and thus when this occurs, she should be checked for the disease.

When it comes to young women, early symptoms might also include cramps in the legs during the night, brittle fingernails as well as neck pain and discomfort in the neck. These pains are usually out of the blue and have nothing to do with a previous injury. Other pain also includes abdominal pain and rib pain for no reason.

If the disease is not detected and treated early on, more severe symptoms will occur, like tooth loss and more than just fractures. Bones might start to break and spinal deformities might start to occur: for example an outward curve at the top of the spine. It is thus vital to be aware of Osteoporosis symptoms in young women and to treat it as soon as it is detected.

Osteoporosis Treatment

With Osteoporosis treatment each case is different but when you consider that 1 in 3 women over the age of 50 can be sufferers in some way shape or form that things can be generalized to some aspect.

The reason women are so vulnerable is due to the hormone change during menopause, which deprives the body of certain vitamins and minerals it needs to fight off this bone crippling disease.

For effective Osteoporosis treatment, the first thing to think about is to make sure that the body receives the extra supplements it needs. Things like extra Calcium and all the other standard vitamins found in fresh fruit and vegetables making sure a good healthy diet is in place which will, in turn, be beneficial.

It is also true that men suffer as well but in men, the figure only tends to be 1 in 12. There are many things each and every one of us must avoid and one of the main ones is smoking.

If you are a smoker we all know that it is hard to give up as the body gets used to having that drug pumping through your body.

Like smoking, red meat, and alcohol also contribute to the acidic value of the intake to the body. The acid then gets into the system and weakens the body's natural defense system.

At this point, I’m not preaching that you should give up red meat and alcohol but simply to cut back to moderation. This is itself will be an effective Osteoporosis treatment.

To take things further try replacing the odd fizzy drinks with tea or coffee so that by taking these drinks with milk you will take on board more calcium.

Summing up can be simplified, and effective Osteoporosis treatment can be made simple by first taking care of your diet and make sure that it is mainly on the alkaline side rather than the acidic. Many articles and books are available on this subject and it’s never too late in life to make that effective change to keep away the problems concerned with Osteoporosis. 

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